Coming Friday 80 years ago - Kristallnacht

Discussion in 'The Holocaust' started by HA96, Nov 7, 2018.

  1. HA96

    HA96 Member

    On November 9, 1938 all over The Reich synagogues burned down
    The fire brigades were instructed to only prevent the fires from spreading.
    Even small local newspapers in Germany are full of these horrifying stories already today.
    There was no synagogue in our town, but the synagogue only 40 miles north was burning too

    Stefan.
     
  2. Ramiles

    Ramiles Researching 9th Lancers, 24th L and SRY

    This is due to be broadcast on the BBC world service (audio) on 9th November 2018:
    BBC World Service - Heart and Soul, The Girl Who Witnessed Crystal Night

    "The Girl Who Witnessed Crystal Night
    Heart and Soul

    Ruth Winkelmann, daughter of a Jewish father, was just ten years old when she witnessed what later became known as crystal night: the night of 9th November 1938, when Jewish shops and synagogues all over Germany were smashed up and looted, and many Jews arrested or killed. It marked the beginning of the outright persecution of Germany’s Jews. Now 90, Ruth meets Caroline Wyatt to tell her what she remembers of that frightening night – and how it changed the course of her life.

    Ruth’s memories of crystal night are vivid. When she arrived at her Berlin school the morning after, she found it barricaded by Nazi stormtroopers, who had also desecrated the nearby synagogue. The schoolgirls had to escape via the lofts of adjacent buildings. That evening, Ruth recalls, her father told her, “This is the beginning of a very difficult time.”

    He was right. For Ruth, crystal night was the end of her carefree childhood. Her father and 14 other Jewish relatives were killed at Auschwitz, she herself and her mother survived in hiding.

    The experience of crystal night and its aftermath shaped Ruth’s religious outlook profoundly. Brought up in the Jewish faith and considered Jewish by the Nazi regime, she later converted to Christianity out of gratitude to the man who had saved her. Today, she says, she has a strong faith in God and a deep sense of her Jewish roots.
    "
     
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  3. dbf

    dbf Moderatrix MOD

    I looked to see if there had been a synagogue in my birth town and found this about a prayer house ('abandoned' 1933, the building being destroyed during the war). I knew about Kristallnacht but don't recall hearing about the Polish decree leading up to Polenaktion:

    The Polish-Jewish prayer house in Remscheid 1928 - 1933 | Porta Polonica
    "In autumn 1938 Polish-Jewish migrants were the victims of an utterly unexpected political development. In order to pre-empt the mass expulsion of Polish Jews from the German Reich the Polish government published an edict in October 1938 which removed Polish citizenship from all those who had lived abroad continuously for more than five years, if they had not obtained a special endorsement in their passports from their relevant Polish consulates by the 30th October 1938. When the authorities in Berlin learnt of this edict, on 27th October 1938 they issued a notice of expulsion to thousands of Polish Jews telling them they would be arrested within a few hours and deported over the Polish border either by foot or in collective transports. Between 15,000 and 17,000 people in the Reich were affected by this mass deportation, known as the “Poland action”."


    Polenaktion - Wikipedia
    "On October 31, Sendel Grynszpan's daughter Greta was able to send a post card from Zbaszyn to her brother Herschel Grynszpan in Paris. The post card, which detailed the cruelty and tragedy of the family's forced relocation reached Grynszpan. Horrified and distressed by the plight of his family and the thousands of other Polish Jews, Grynszpan took it upon himself to enact revenge. Purchasing a pistol, he went to the German Embassy in Paris on November 7. There he shot and ultimately killed First Secretary of the Reich, Ernst vom Rath.

    The assassination of vom Rath stunned the Nazi regime. On November 9 and 10 Jewish businesses, properties, and synagogues were destroyed, burned, and looted across the Reich as a direct result. This event, often referred to as Kristallnacht is often seen by historians as a key moment of significance in the formulation of the Holocaust."
     
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  4. Ramiles

    Ramiles Researching 9th Lancers, 24th L and SRY

    Quoting from: "The assassination of vom Rath stunned the Nazi regime. On November 9 and 10 Jewish businesses, properties, and synagogues were destroyed, burned, and looted across the Reich as a direct result. "

    as a direct result has a definition online i.e. "A result is something that happens or exists because of something else that has happened. Compensation is available for people who developed asthma as a direct result of their work. ... If something results in a particular situation or event, it causes that situation or event to happen."

    Though Grynszpan's act might have been used to justify Kristallnacht

    The way I've understood it , the Nazi regime used this as an excuse to act: Kristallnacht & Kicking the Jews Out

    "This triggered a "spontaneous" uprising against the Jews – which had actually been planned for a while, but now had a pretext to put the plan into action.


    In one night of terror, November 9-10, 1938, German mobs destroyed many vestiges of Jewish presence. A total of 1,350 Jewish synagogues were burnt to the ground or destroyed; 91 Jews were killed; 30,000 Jews were thrown into concentration camps; 7,000 Jewish businesses were destroyed; and thousands of Jewish homes were ransacked.

    This was called "Kristallnacht," the "Night of Broken Glass," because the streets were covered with broken glass from all the Jewish windows."
     
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  5. dbf

    dbf Moderatrix MOD

    Of course they did.
     
  6. dbf

    dbf Moderatrix MOD

    German Synagogues
    "contains 1400 histories of each community and its synagogue that had been attacked during Pogrom Night"
     
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  7. HA96

    HA96 Member

    Another headline in our local newspaper:
    The Jewish population even had to pay for the damage to their property.
    In another note Hermann Goering is qouted:" I would have preferred 200 dead Jews, instead of the huge damage."
    This just makes me sick.

    Stefan
     

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