Interesting idea. I was just thinking that perhaps there weren't too many "wars" that have actually been "won" by countries that don't first declare "war". It seems like not declaring war might be a tactic employed by the "weaker" party and hence success is actually less likely as a result. Of course if you are powerful enough you might think that you can just walk in without saying "war" and no one will oppose, but there always seems to be a bigger power in the playground that's gonna call foul and then even for the more powerful countries things don't ultimately tend to go their way. Of course there's always the option of two countries fighting each other hammer and fist without actually declaring war But even then doesn't the aggressor usually come off worse?? Or at least the aggressor gets a pasting in the press - assuming the aggressor doesn't own the press, ah, maybe that's when it makes sense not to declare "war" But it still doesn't always work out Rm.