UNITED NATIONS WAR CRIMES COMMISSION UNITED KINGDOM CHARGES AGAINST GERMAN WAR CRIMINALS CASE No: UK-G/B 194 - PAGE 4 - NOTES ON THE CASE (Under this heading should be included the view taken as to (a) the degree of responsibility of the accused in view of his official position, e.g., was offence committed on the offender's own initiative, or in obedience to orders, or in carrying out a system approved by authority or a legal provision; (b) the probable defence; (c ) whether the case appears to be reasonably complete. ) The case in its earlier stages does not differ greatly from the others of this series but it shows possibly even more brutal callousness than is some of the other cases towards marching and exhausted men. As with preceding cases, and as will be seen in subsequent cases, responsibility must rest on the first two of those accused since with knowledge of conditions a policy was prescribed and carried out which in all the circumstances it is submitted cannot be defended. The conditions at Stalag VIII A, at GORLITZ, were such as to justify putting the Commandant, who is the third accused, on trial for breach of fundamental articles of the Convention relating to the Treatment of Prisoners of war. The remainder of those accused, individually and collectively must be held responsible without any possible excuse for the shocking conditions of the stages, in particular the final stages, of the march. Beating and shooting exhausted and starving men, tying them up in the open and setting dogs on them, are atrocities in the most real sense of the word, and one is surprised that no more than one death has, so far as is known, resulted from their conduct. The officers who are fourthly accused may not have had responsibility beyond EISENACH so far as the FRANKFURT party was concerned, but the inference is fair that they were. In any case great complaint is made of them so it is submitted that they are rightly included in respect of the march between GORLITZ and EISENACH. If they were not in charge from EISENACH others must be identifiable in time as those in charge and responsible for this last stage.