One of you knowledgable gentlemen from the UK (I think it was Owen) asked me if the US had an equivalent to the Home Guard during World War II. I replied that no, we didn't not in the sense of the Home Guard's mission during the Second World War. We had, and still have, National Guardsmen who were part-time soldiers, a militia if you wish, and were incorporated into the US Army in 1940. Up until just a few years ago, the National Guard in my state, Alabama, was larger than most other country's entire military. I got to thinking and remembered seeing an article several years ago on a webpage about several states forming state-funded militias after the call up of the Guard. They did this help fill in some of the duties that the Guard had served prior to federalization, such as assistance during a local crisis or natural disaster or to serve as a enforcement arm of the state government when needed, such a during a violent labor strike. Anyway, I found these pages: Alabama State Defense Force about 3/4 down the page Those Who Stayed Behind: The Georgia State Guard In World War II The South Carolina State Guard in World War II http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0PBZ/is_2004_May- June/ai_n6123963/pg_1 Recalling the role of the Florida State Guard I know that there were other organizatons in other states, but I can't find more. The page regarding Alabama references California's State Guard. I also wonder if the Federales in Washington would allow the states the authority to form their own, independent militia nowadays. Somehow I doubt it.