I.(II) Fallschirm Armee Oberkommando I.(II) FSAOK

Discussion in 'Axis Units' started by DPL1945History & Research, Nov 29, 2016.

  1. This will be my first thread about the German Fsaok at Dinxperlo, in the next threads I will use German documents and original maps to give you more inside information.

    Dinxperlo 1944 - 1945

    In October 1944 the I. Fallschirm Armee Oberkommando I.Fsaok came to the small Dutch Village of Dinxperlo at the border of Suderwick Germany. General Student had cleared the former headquarters at Terborg after an Airstrike by the RAF. Mostly Fallschirmjäger and SS troops moved into the center of Dinxperlo. The Headquarters were at the Family Hallen house and most Officers stayed in and around
    the village. It's seemed to be like a Fortress! Many highly placed Generals now visited Dinxperlo The Town was now restricted area and forbidden too pass by civilians.
    von Poop and stolpi like this.
  2. 1. Fallschirm-Armee (Fs.AOK 1)


    • GenOb Kurt Student, 1.3.44 - 4.11.44
    • GenOb Alfred Schlemm, 4.11.44 - 28.3.45
    • GenOb Günther Blumentritt (Heer), 28.3.45 - 10.4.45
    • GenOb Kurt Student, 10.4.45 - 28.4.45
    • GenOb Erich Straube (Heer), 28.4.45 - 8.5.45
    Ständiger Vertreter:

    • GenLt Walter Lackner, 1.3.44 - 15.11.44
    Chef des Stabes:

    • GenLt Dipl.Ing. Wolfgang Erdmann 1.5.44 - 20.8.44
    • Oberst Reinhard, 20.8.44 - 11.44
    • Oberst Ernst Kusserow, 11.44 - 8.5.45
    Formed 5.11.43 to 1.4.44 in Nancy from XI. Fliegerkorps. First used as a training command, attached to Heeresgruppe D in France. When the allies landed in France, in June 1944, the unit came under the direct control of OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht), while continuing its training duties. Went into combat the first time on the 4th September 1944, at the Lower Rhein, now attached to Heeresgruppe B. From December 1944 under Heeresgruppe H and from April 1945 directly under Oberbefehlshaber Nordwest. During November 1944 the unit was known as Armeegruppe Student (with 15th Army attached). The Army saw combat at:

    • 17.9.44 - 26.9.44 Arnhem and Nijmegen
      27.9.44 - 7.2.45 Maas and Waal
      7.2.45 - 13.2.45 Reichswald
      14.2.45 - 10.3.45 Niederrrhein - Xanten
      10.3.45 - 22.3.45 Niederrhein
      23.3.45 - 8.5.45 Niederrhein - Ems and Weser
    HQ at Nancy (7.44), Eindhoven (9.44), Dinxperlo (10.44 - 12.44) (1.45 - 3.45) and the Dorsten area (3.45).

    The following units were attached directly to the Army (Armeetruppe):

    The Army controlled the following units:

    • Date: Corps: Divisions:
      16.9.44 LXXXVIII. AK 353. ID, 176. ID, 6. FJD, 84. ID, 89. ID, 85. ID, 179. ID
      13.10.44 LXXXVI. AK
      II. FsAK
      II. SS
      XII. SS
      Reserve 176. ID, 180. ID, Panzer-Brigade 107 (Walter)
      190. ID, 84. ID, 406. ID
      10. SS Div., 9. SS Div., 9. Pz.Div.
      363. ID
      526. ID
      5.11.44 II. FsAK
      II. SS
      15th Army 190. ID, 84. ID
      10. SS Div., 363. ID
      26.11.44 LXXXVI. AK
      II. FsAK
      Reserve 606. Div, 180. ID, 7. FJD
      190. ID, 84. ID
      85. ID, LXVII.AK, 363. ID
      31.12.44 II. FsAK
      LXXXVI. AK
      Reserve 606. Div
      190. ID, 180. ID, 84. ID
      7. FJD, and Korps Feldt
      19.2.45 II. FsAK
      LXXXVI. AK
      Reserve 8. FJD, 190. ID
      180. ID, 7. FJD, 15. ID
      84. ID, 116. PD, 6. FJD
      Korps Feldt, LXIII. AK, Panzer Lehr Div.
      1.3.45 LXIII. AK
      LXXXVI. AK
      II. FsAK
      Reserve 406. ID
      190. ID
      7. FJD, 8. FJD
      84. ID, 116. PD, 6. FJD
      Korps Feldt, 15. ID, 180. ID, Panzer Brigade 106
      12.4.45 LXXXVI. AK
      II. FsAK 15. ID, 325. ID, 471. ID, Pz. Vb. Großdeutschland
      245. ID, 7. FJD, 8. FJD
    * the 15th Army consisted of the following units on 5.11.44:

    LXXXVIII. AK: 59. ID, 712. ID, 256. ID
    LXVII. AK: 711. ID, 719. ID, 245. ID, 346. ID, 85. ID
    Reserve: 70. ID, 226. ID
  3. German Map: October 1944 / I.Fsaok Armee Ober Kommando in Dinxperlo Gelderland(Achterhoek). German cars are everywhere, many Fl.Jäger and Officers take over the homes of Dutch citizens.

    Attached Files:

  4. Early october 1944 Jedburghs team Dudley and the Dutch resistance(Ondergrondse)
    sent out a code to England: 34 stop... von Rundstedt... The Jedburghs in the Achterhoek.

    Attached Files:

  5. The following documents were written in Dinxperlo, above these orders given by the I.Fsaok
    you see Terborg as HQ 7.10.1944 at this time they moved to Dinxperlo.

    Attached Files:

  6. First orders came out of the Hallen house at Dinxperlo, mostly signed by liaison Officer and the General of Staff Student / von Kahlden / Prittwitz / Schlemm

    Attached Files:

  7. In the next documents more orders were given by Student. The 15Pz.Gren.Div was taken out of its position and had to fallback in the direct area of Krefeld and Geldern Germany.
    More WH an LW soldiers came to Dinxperlo. The Factory of Maurits Prins Tapijtfabrieken
    came a LW.Flak Depot.

    Next thread are some pictures of a few Generals I.(II)Fsaok

    Attached Files:

  8. General Plocher. After the War he was an Officers in the BD/Heer.

    Attached Files:

  9. General Student.

    Attached Files:

  10. General. von Rundstedt

    Attached Files:

  11. General Schlemm

    Attached Files:

  12. The German HQ in Dinxperlo gave orders to a V-Man(Spy). 'Infiltrate behind the frontline in search for information'. This Dutch spy who worked for the Germans lived near Aalten.
    After the War this man escaped from the Death parole and died in prison a view years later.

    Attached Files:

  13. December 1944 I.Fsaok at Dinxperlo. The New Frontline. The Allied troops dogging the Germans back, the hunt is on. Many houses still occupied by German troops, in the center of the village is an Hotel/Casino 'Boland', strictly for the German Officers and the School-building in the Hogestraat are the Guards(Feldjäger) Barracks. This whole area is 'Spergebiet' for the Dutch.

    Attached Files:

  14. Dec 17 1944
    Operation Stösser

    Written and planned at the I. Fallschirm Armee Oberkommando
    HQ in Dinxperlo.

    Originally planned for the early hours of 16 December, Operation Stösser was delayed for a day because of bad weather and fuel shortages.

    The new drop time was set for 03:00 on 17 December; their drop zone was 7 miles (11 km) north of Malmedy and their target was the "Baraque Michel" crossroads. Von der Heydte and his men were to take it and hold it for approximately twenty-four hours until being relieved by the 12th SS Panzer Division, thereby hampering the Allied flow of reinforcements and supplies into the area.

    Just after midnight on 17 December, 112 Ju 52 transport planes with around 1,300 Fallschirmjägern took off amid a powerful snowstorm, with strong winds and extensive low cloud cover. As a result, many planes went off course, and men were dropped as far as a dozen kilometres away from the intended drop zone, with only a fraction of the force landing near it. Strong winds also took off-target those paratroopers whose planes were relatively close to the intended drop zone and made their landings far rougher.

    By noon, a group of around 300 managed to assemble, but this force was too small and too weak to counter the Allies. Colonel von der Heydte abandoned plans to take the crossroads and instead ordered his men to harass the Allied troops in the vicinity with guerrilla-like actions. Because of the extensive dispersal of the jump, with Fallschirmjägern being reported all over the Ardennes, the Allies believed a major division-sized jump had taken place, resulting in much confusion and causing them to allocate men to secure their rear instead of sending them off to the front to face the main German thrust.

    The following thread are the US Interrogation-Reports Friedrich von der Heydte and his Final statement about Operation Stösser. These Reports are written in englisch.
    • Von der Heydte.
      Pictures Falleschirmjäger von der Heydte kampfgruppe in the Ardennes.

    Attached Files:

  15. Picture of a small Stösser Group of Fallschirmjäger who were dropped in the Ardennes.

    Attached Files:

  16. Operation Stösser written at the Fallschirm HQ in Dinxperlo.

    Badly wounded, von der Heydte was taken prisoner near Monschau by US troops.
    Only 50 men of the Stösser battle-group survived through the actions.

    US Interrogation reports 1947

    Attached Files:

    dbf likes this.
  17. Dinxperlo Nederland: I.Fallschirm AOK. From December 1944 until the end of March 1945.
    Most highly placed German generals and they're Officers still using the homes of Dutch civilians in the center of Dinxperlo and at Beggelder just outside of the village some generals used some farmhouses too stay out of reach for RAF attacks.

    Attached Files:

  18. Documents from I.Fsaok - OB West

    Attached Files:

  19. Schwere Panzer Kompanie Hummel
    The Allied drive out of Normandy decimated the units trapped in the 'Falaise Gap' and the remnants trying to cross the Seine river. With open space all the way to Berlin, the schwere Panzer Kompanie Einzats Dunkirchen was hastily formed by the schwere Panzer Erzats und Ausbildungs Abteilung 500 at the training grounds near Paderborn. This unit with 14 Tigers was sent too Bocholt ( near the I.Fsaok HQ at Dinxperlo ). And derailed at Bocholt in order to stop the 19 september British spearhead Action at Arnhem in Holland. It was renamed the next day, sPzKp Hummel and continued to fight on the Western Front after it was incorporated into sPzAbt.506 as the 4.Kompanie on 8.December 1944.

    Training and research/development units had originally received a total of 49 Tiger Is for training and 10 Tiger Is for testing. As Germany's position continued to deteriorate, additional units were thrown together and given these worn out tigers in a last ditch effort.

    Amongst these units were: sPzKp.Paderborn with 15 Tigers on 21 October 1944; Panzer Kompanie Panther with three Tigers (30 January 1945), Erzats Brigade Großdeutschland with two Tigers (31 January 1945), and PzAbt.500 Paderborn with 17 Tigers (both Is and IIs - 2 April 1945).

    Dinxperlo September 1944:
    Some civilians (Eyewitnesses) in the Town of Dinxperlo saw some Tiger tanks passing the
    Town at night in September 1944. My father talked about three Tiger and trucks with infantrymen.

    schwere Panzer-Kompanie-Einsatz Dünkirchen
    schwere Panzer-Kompanie Hummel (20. Sept. 1944)

    Aufgestellt Anfang Juli 1944 als Alarmeinheit aus Teilen der schweren Panzer-Ersatz-und-Ausbildungsabteilung 500 in Sennelager.

    Zwischen dem 18./19. September 1944 Verlegung per Bahn nach Bocholt, dann Straßenmarsch nach Arnheim, um gegen die dort gelandeten britischen Fallschirmjäger eingesetzt zu werden.Insgesamt 14 Tiger sind bei der Kompanie.

    Im September/Oktober 1944 Einsätze in Holland, im November Teilnahme an der Schlacht um Aachen.

    Unterstellung unter die s.Pz.Abt. 506 als 4. Kompanie.

    Zwischen Dezember 1944 und Februar 1945 erfolgen Einsätze am Westufer des Rheins, am 16. Februar schert die Kompanie wieder als selbstständige Einheit aus der s.Pz.Abt. 506 aus. Am 5. April wird die Kompanie mit ihrer 11 Tigern der Panzerbrigade 106 unterstellt.
    stolpi likes this.
  20. Document: I.Fsaok at Dinxperlo gave more orders in 1944.

    Attached Files:

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