This sections covers Reserved Occupations and the 1941 acts. Again, any thoughts etc would be appreciated. Please note that I recognise that a few lines does not do the subject justice; all I am trying to do is make sure that the picture that I have in my head is basically sound (if a picture can be sound!!) The government needed to ensure that the mandatory call up, along with “voluntary” enlistment, did not affect the provision of civil defence, emergency services and essential industries and services in the UK Essential industries and services had been broken down into three groups: · Group I (Munitions Industries), including metal manufacture, engineering, motors, aircraft and other vehicles, shipbuilding and ship-repairing, metal goods manufacture, chemicals, explosives, oils etc · Group II (Basic Services), including agriculture, mining, national and local government services, gas, water and electricity supply, transport and shipping · Group III (Social Demands), including food, drink and tobacco, textiles, clothing and other manufactures, building and civil engineering, distribution trades, commerce, banking and other services. To ensure that there was sufficient manpower to support these services at the start of the war, a “Schedule of Reserved Occupations” was drawn up in 1938; it was published in the Times on 25th January 1939. The schedule contained a list of all jobs and identified the age at which a person in that occupation could be called up. Some occupations, such as Coach Trimmer, had no age limit, meaning that they could not be called up at any time. Others had an age limit, such as 18, 25 or 30, which meant that they could not be called up if they were on or over that age. Employers could ask for deferment of enlistment of individuals if they were under the specified age limit. Throughout the war, the government continued to try to balance the ever changing military needs whilst maintaining the key industries and services. Further legislation was passed in 1941 namely: · National Service Act 1941, which extended the liability to service in civil defence · National Service (No 2) Act 1941, which stated that all men and women aged between 18 and 60 were liable to some form of national service, including military service for men under 51 and unmarried women between 20 and 30. The “reserved occupations” schedule was abandoned and only a few categories were exempt: • British subjects from outside Britain and the Isle of Man who had lived in the country for less than two years • Northern Ireland • Students • Persons employed by the government of any country of the British Empire except the United Kingdom • Clergy of any denomination • Those who were blind or had mental disorders • Married women • Women who had one or more children 14 years old or younger living with them. This included their own children, legitimate or illegitimate, stepchildren, and adopted children, as long as the child was adopted before 18 December 1941.